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State important properties (or characteristics) of magnetic lines of force around a straight conductor and a circular coil.

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Answer Text

Solution :
The main properties of magnetic lines of force are: <br> 1.The magnetic lines of force are in the form of concentric circle around the conductor but as their distance from the conductor increases , the curvature of lines of force decreases. <br> 2. The direction of the magnetic lines of force reverses, if the direction of flow of current in the conductor reverses. <br> 3. With the increase of current in the conductor the number of lines of force or the ' intensity of magnetic field also increases. <br> 4. The magnetic lines of force near the wire are nearly circular, especially at the points where the current enters or leaves the coil. <br> 5. At the centre of the coil, the lines of force are almost parallel to each other, showing that the magnetic field at the centre or the coil may be considered uniform. <br> <img src="https://d10lpgp6xz60nq.cloudfront.net/physics_images/UNQ_SCI_TECH_X_P1_C04_E10_016_S01.png" width="80%">

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