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Describe schematically the equipotential surfaces corresponding to <br> (a) a constant electric field in the z-direction, <br> (b) a field that uniformly increases in magnitude but remains in a constant (say, z) direction, <br> (c) a single positive charge at the origin, and <br> (d) a uniform grid consisting of long equally spaced parallel charged wires in a plane.

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Answer Text

Solution :
(a) Equidistance planes parallel to the x-y plane are the equipotential surfaces <br> (b) planes parallel to the x-y plane are the equipotential surfaces with the exception that when the planes get closer , the field incraeses. <br> (c) concentric spheres centred at the origin are equipotential surface <br> (d) a periodically varying shape near the given grid is the equipotential surface. this shape gradually reaches the shape of planes parallel to the grid at a larger distance.

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